Our accounting and other management systems and resources may not be adequately prepared to meet the ongoing financial reporting and other requirements of a standalone publicly-traded company.
Prior to our separation from Emergent, our financial results were included within the consolidated results of Emergent. We are now directly subject to substantial reporting and other obligations under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or Exchange Act. These reporting and other obligations place significant demand on our management, administrative and operational resources, including accounting resources. We may not have sufficient time to meet these obligations by the applicable deadlines.
Moreover, to comply with these requirements, we have migrated our systems, including information technology systems, implement additional financial and management controls, reporting systems and procedures. We expect to incur additional annual expenses related to these steps, and those expenses may be significant. If we are unable to upgrade our financial and management controls, reporting systems, information technology and procedures in a timely and effective fashion, our ability to comply with our financial reporting requirements and other rules that apply to reporting companies under the Exchange Act could be impaired. Any failure to achieve and maintain effective internal controls could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
If we do not continue to develop effective internal controls, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results and our business could be harmed.
We and our independent registered public accounting firm identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as of and for the years ended December 31, 2015 and for quarters through September 30, 2016. A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of control deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the annual or interim consolidated financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Specifically, it was determined that a deferred tax liability should have been recorded associated with the difference between the book basis and the tax basis of the in-process research and development asset that was recorded as a part of an acquisition in 2010. As a result, we were required to restate our previously issued audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2015 and unaudited financial information for the quarter ended March 31, 2016, included in the Company’s Registration Statement on Form 10, and unaudited financial information for the quarters ended June 30, 2016 and September 30, 2016 included in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended June 30, 2016 and September 30, 2016.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we assess the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting annually and the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures quarterly. In particular, beginning in 2018, Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, or Section 404, will require us to perform system and process evaluation and testing of our internal control over financial reporting to allow management to report on, and our independent registered public accounting firm potentially to attest to, the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. As an emerging growth company, we have availed ourselves of the exemption from the requirement that our independent registered public accounting firm attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting under Section 404. However, we may no longer avail ourselves of this exemption when we cease to be an emerging growth company. When our independent registered public accounting firm is required to undertake an assessment of our internal control over financial reporting, the cost of our compliance with Section 404 will correspondingly increase. Our compliance with applicable provisions of Section 404 will require that we incur substantial accounting expense and expend significant management time on compliance-related issues as we implement additional corporate governance practices and comply with reporting requirements. Moreover, if we are not able to comply with the requirements of Section 404 applicable to us in a timely manner, or if we or our independent registered public accounting firm identifies deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting that are deemed to be material weaknesses, the market price of our stock could decline and we could be subject to sanctions or investigations by the SEC or other regulatory authorities, which would require additional financial and management resources.
Investor perceptions of our company may suffer if material weaknesses are found, and this could cause a decline in the market price of our common stock. Irrespective of compliance with Section 404, any failure of our internal control over financial reporting could harm our operating results and reputation. If we are unable to implement these requirements effectively or efficiently, it could harm our operations, financial reporting, or financial results and could result in an adverse opinion on our internal controls from our independent registered public accounting firm.